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Significant dates in the history of international humanitarian law and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

1863International Committee for the relief of military wounded: as from 1876, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) International Geneva Conference Establishment of national committees for the relief of military wounded.
18671st International Conference of the Red Cross.
1906Revision and development of the 1864 Geneva Convention.
1919 League of Red Cross Societies - as from 1983, League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - as from 1991, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
1928Statutes of the International Red Cross (revised in 1952
and 1986).
1949 Geneva Conventions:
- The wounded and sick in armed forces in the field [revision and development of the 1929
   Geneva Convention] (First Convention)
- Wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea [revision and
   development of the 1907 Hague Convention No. X] (Second Convention)
- Prisoners of war [revision and development of the 1929 Geneva Convention]
   (Third Convention)
- Civilian persons [supplements the 1899 Hague Convention No.II and 1907
   Hague Convention No. IV] (Fourth Convention)
- The four Conventions contain a common Article 3 relating to the protection of victims of
   non-international armed conflicts.
1976 Convention on the protection of the environment Prohibition of military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques.
1980Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects.
1989Agreement between the ICRC and the League.
1993Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their destruction.
1995Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons (Protocol IV).
1997Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction.
1998Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
2006 Adoption of the third additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions relating to the adoption of an additional distinctive emblem.
The coming into force of this Protocol - and with it the additional emblem of the red crystal - is considered a concrete sign of the predominance of humanitarian principles over any other considerations governing the mission of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent (RCRC) Movement.

The possibility of using the red crystal will make it easier for national societies who do not wish to use the red cross or the red crescent emblems to be recognized and admitted to the Movement. This consolidates the Movement's universality.

The Protocol provides for new flexibility, allowing national societies to include a combination of emblems recognized by the Geneva Conventions inside the red crystal for their identification.

Under international law, the red crystal offers the same protection as the red cross and the red crescent when marking military medical personnel, establishments and transport; the staff of national societies; staff, vehicles and structures of the ICRC and the International Federation. (Existing law - Additional Protocol I of 1977 - also allows use of the emblem by certain civilian medical establishments.)

The ICRC and the International Federation are allowed to use the red crystal in exceptional circumstances, if they consider it necessary for their work; but they will not change their present emblems or names.

The longer-term challenge is now to secure the same world-wide recognition and respect for the red crystal as given to the red cross and the red crescent. This will facilitate access by humanitarian workers to victims of conflict and other crises, in particular in situations where the use of an emblem devoid of any perceived political, religious, cultural and connotations may be an advantage.

The red cross and red crescent emblems are universally recognized symbols of assistance for the victims of armed conflicts and natural disasters. In use since the nineteenth century, these emblems unfortunately do not always enjoy the respect to which they are entitled as visible signs of the strict neutrality of humanitarian work. Moreover, certain States find it difficult to identify with one or the other.

To resolve these issues, the States party to the Geneva Conventions adopted a Third Additional Protocol to the Conventions at the diplomatic conference in December 2005 establishing the red crystal.

Mr Juan Manuel Suarez del Toro, president of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies ©ICRC
Jakob Kellenberger, president of the International Committee of the Red Cross
Olivier Vodoz, vice-president
Christine Beerli, vice-president


    III Delphic Games 2009
    Jeju / Korea
    9 - 15 September

Tuning into Nature

The Delphic Games will bring a peaceful message of solidarity and harmony to the still divided nation of Korea. This might even lead to the reunification of the country. Through the Jeju Delphic Games with successful hosting, the Delphic Movement will have an opportunity to be accelerated in the future.

The chosen theme "Tuning into Nature" is extremely apt in light of the recent global prospect. The III Delphic Games will head for approaching to the original and common field of all mankind.

The theme of The III Delphic Games 2009 in Jeju "Tuning into Nature" will lead us to more profound and spontaneous approaches to human culture and will build the system and structure of the program upon it. We very much hope that these Games contribute to a better understanding and awareness of the human art and culture.

The Games will be:
  • Festival of Artists
  • Balancing between global and anti-global waves
  • Spot of networking for artists from all of the world
  • Trying to communicate through arts
  • Market showing possibility of coexistences
  • Stimulating new ideas and new projects, international and trans-genre
  • Peaceful and friendly festival on the Island of World Peace

    Further information:
    The NDC Korea after its successful bid for the III Delphic Games 2009 at the board meeting in Johannesburg/South Africa, late March 2006.

    Welcome for the IDC: Secretary General J. Christian B. KIRSCH and his Advisor Sang Kyun CHOI visited Jeju Island in August 2005 for the first time.

    Russia: International cultural humanitarian charitable project

    The project title – "The Golden Bridge" - reflects the desire of the St. Petersburg intellectual elite to create perfect spiritual moral society by means of acquaintance with the cultural values of other countries and past times.

    "The Golden Bridge" includes seasonal projects:

    1. Spring concerts "Music of the World"
    The intention of these benefit concerts - fundraising for the children left without adults guardianship, and especially the disabled children having different creative talents.

    2. Summer musical project "Park Music"
    The aim of the project is re-establishment of park music, garden for music performances. These concerts are accompanied with artists’ master-classes, performances of the musicians and orchestras from all over the world.

    3. Autumn humanitarian project "THE RETURN OF MEMORY"
    Today, the public interest in their history is growing in Russia, because the keeping of memory as humanitarian value for the posterity is the best thing we can set against the mediocrity of patriotic slogans...

    4. Winter Assemblies "Muses Empire"
    Historical reconstruction of the assemblies will make it possible to create an interactive space where the audience and guests together with actors and musicians find themselves in the corresponding epoch. Palace interiors are the assemblies venues.

    Project Director: Yaroslava Mikhajlova

    Project Organizer: Publishing House "Yaroslavna".

    We invite all the wishing to participate in our project.



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